Balochistan is one of the provinces of Pakistan, which is the largest province of the country in terms of geographical area. It holds 44% of the area of the country, but in terms of population it is the smallest province of country. Afghanistan is present in the North and north west of balochistan, while in south – west Iran is its neighbor. In South, Arabian sea is present and in east its bounded by the provinces of Punjab and Sindh. In North – east, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and federally administered Tribal areas are the neighbors of Balochistan. The capital of province is Quetta.
Baloch, Brahuis and Pashtuns are the large groups in Balochistan in terms of ethnicity. Other than these, small communities of Sindhis, Hazaras, Sikhs, Punjabis and Hindus are also live here. Land of Baloch” is the literal meaning of the name Balochistan.
Production of natural resources like coal, natural gas and minerals is the basic economic activity in the province. Other than that, mining, fisheries, and manufacturing industries are the important sectors working in Balochistan. Tourism is also growing now, due to the natural beauty of the place. People living alone the coastline, also do fishing and farming, which is a source of income for the local people. The lifestyle of Baloch and Brahui tribes is yet tribal and that increases the importance of animal husbandry and trading markets, which are present in entire province.
Balochistan is not full developed yet, that is the reason we can see many developmental projects in the province. The largest one is the construction of a deep-sea port in Gawadar, which is progressing at fast pace. This port is developed as the central point for the trade between Pakistan, china and other central Asian countries. On the Dasht river, Mirani dam is constructed. It is located in Makran division in the west of Turbat. It serves as water sources for the extending agriculture.
The contribution of Balochistan is the income of country is between 3.7% to 4.9%. 270% increase in the income of Balochistan is see, after 1972. The infrastructure for the extraction of natural resources is developing in the province, but when compared with other parts of the country, balochistan has to go a long way even now.
Mineral deposits are present in the Reko Diq area in the district of Chaga. Chinese companies are involved in the extraction of copper and gold in these areas. The license of extraction is shared by three parties, namely, Balochistan government (25%), Antofagasta mineral, which hold 37.5% shares and Barrick Gold with 37.5% shares. These are very large deposits of copper. Same sized deposits are present in Iran and Chile, which are ranked as second and third largest deposits in the world. International mining companies, Tethyan and BHP Billiton have joined hands with the government of the province of the extraction of these deposits. It is estimated that the place has the potential for the extraction of 900,000 to 2.2 million tons of copper production. The nature of these deposits is mainly porphyry rock. The contract about the rights and ownership of these deposits were planned, but at that time there was political and economic instability in the country. Moreover, the negotiations and agreements between parties were also not transparent.
Hanna Lake Balochistan