The present government is aiming to maintain economic stability at macro level, mobilization of domestic resources, provision of safety net for the weak part of society. Although it faced many challenges, but economy is performing well even better, when compared with developed nations. In 2012, economy faced a drastic set back due to heavy rainfall in Sindh and some parts of Blochistan, which cost $ 3.7 billion. After facing these challenges, the GDP was 3.7 percent, which was 3 percent during last year.
Exports have been reduced on global level, but Pakistan maintained its exports in 2012, a remarkable growth was seen as compared to last year. An increase in Remittances was also seen and it was $ 13 billion, which was 16% more than last year. World is facing recession and Pakistan too, but impacted capital is coming here. Increase in Oil prices and import of fertilizer has affected current account balance.
Growth and Stabilization
Economy of Pakistan is recovering now. In year 2011 growth of GDP, was 3.0 % but in 2011- 12 it increased to 3.7 %. Similarly, agricultural growth was 2.4 % last year, but this year it was 3.1 %. During 2011-12 LSM or large-Scale manufacturing growth was 1.1 percent, with 0.1 percent increase. Commodity producing sector of the country, particularly agriculture sector has shown better performance. Growth in services sector during 2011-12 was 4%.
In 2011 – 12 foreign investment was $668 million, which was $1293 million previous year. Crisis of Euro zone and global financial crunch has affected the capital flow in the country. Majority of the Foreign investors were interested in exploration of oil and gas. The standing of the sector was 70% during 2011-12.
Growth of 25.8% was observed in remittance of workers living outside the country. In the year 2011- 12 the volume of remittance grew to $10.9 billion, which is 20.2 % more as compared to previous year. This increase in remittance is due to the government policies, which channelize them to formal ways instead of illegal ones. According to the available data, monthly average remittance is $ 1.09 billion during 2011-12, which was $0.90 billion during 2010. The reason is same, governmental interest to bring them to the formal channels.
In fiscal year 2010, the foreign exchange reserves were $ 16.75 billion, but in fiscal year 2011, they were $18,24 billion. Foreign exchange reserves showed an increase of $ 15.6 billion in 2006-07, which was $ 6.4 billion in 2001-02. At that time, investors showed confidence on the market and stock market was doing well.
During the fiscal year 2009-10 exports were $ 19.29 billion, but during the fiscal year 2010-11 volume of exports were $24.81 billion, which was a major increase. The volume of imports was $34.71 during the fiscal year 2009-10, and it was $ 40.41 billion during 2010-11. Factors like high crude oil prices, shortage of food at local level and high commodity prices were responsible for the increased imports.
Foreign Direct Investment Net Inflows
FDI or Foreign Direct investment has appeared as an influential factor for private external flows for Pakistan and other developing nations, all over the world. FDI is a vital factor in technological development, formation of human capital, integration of international trade, creation of business environment and development of enterprises. FDI of Pakistan was $1.5 billion in 2004-05 and during 2009-10 it was $ 2.15 billion. Due to the global recession, the FDI inflows is facing a decline, particularly in developing nations. During the fiscal year 2011-12 FDI declined in Pakistan as well. It was reduced to 1.63 billion, but in fiscal year 2010, it was $ 2.15 billion.
The population of Pakistan is the sixth largest on the globe. According to 2010 estimation, it was 190 million. According to a survey carried out in 2011, there are 58.4 million young people in the country, who are eligible to work. 55.1 million are employed, 36.72 million live in rural parts of the country, while 18.45 million reside in cities. If we compare this with 2009-10 figures, according to them the number of labor force was 57.2 million and 54 million were employed, 35.7 million from rural areas and 17.78 from cities.
• Pakistan has a strong work force; 66 % people are younger than 25 years of age and the number of around 104 million.
• Literacy rate in young people is 56% and their ages are between 15 to 24 years.
Increase in Per Capital Income
Per capital income has increased to a considerable extend. In 2010- 11 it was $ 1,207, as compared to 2003-04, when the per capita income was $ 669.