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Sindh is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. A province of Pakistan is called Sindh, it is also named as Mehran” by the local people. It also holds the Bab – ul – Islam title. It belongs to the Sindhi people historically. The name, Sindh, is inspired from the River Indus, which flows between Sindh and Baluchistan provinces and cut it from the Iranian plateau. The river has different names in different languages, for instance it’s called Sindhu in Sanskrit, old Iranians called it Indus, Assyriand called it Sinda, it’s called Indos by the Greek, Indus by Romans, Pashtuns call it Abasind, Al – Sind by Arabs, sintow by Chinese and Santri by Javanese.

River Indus flows in the west of Sindh, province Punjab is present in north, in east it has, Gujrat and Rajasthan as neighbors, the two Indian states, Arabian sea is there in South. Largest city of the country, Karachi is the capital of Sindh. Karachi is also the economic center of the province. Muslims are in majority, minorities include Hindu, Christian and Zoroastrian. The Local language spoken in Sindh is Sindhi, spoken by 26 million local residents. But most of them can also speak Urdu. 8 million people speak Urdu only and cannot speak Sindhi, like the natives.

Economic Overview

Economic Share Of Province

In terms of economy, Sindh is at second place in the country. In 2010, Per capita GDP was $1400. When compared to the other parts of country, its 50% more than the other provinces. Its 35% high as compared to the average of the country.

Sindh has always played a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. Its share in the GDP of country is more than 30%. In service sector, the contribution of the province is 21% to 27.8%, while it contributed 21.4% to 27.7% in agriculture sector. In manufacturing sector, performance of Sindh is very good, as it contributed 36.7% to 46.5%.  The GDP of Sindh has increased 360%, from year 1972 till now.

Economic Activities In Karachi

In Pakistan, Sindh is considered the focal point of all the economic activities. As the province has coastal borders, the nature of economic activities is very diverse. Karachi is the hub of heavy industry and agriculture is practiced in rural areas of province, especially along the borders of Indus river. In Karachi, large manufacturing units of cement, machines, plastics and other goods are working.

Natural Resources In Sindh

Natural gas is a great energy source. Sindh is the largest producer of natural gas in the country.

Indus river makes it perfect land for agriculture. Warm season is ideal for the growth of various crops, which are not grown anywhere else in the country. Important crops of the province include, wheat, rice, bananas, cotton, sugarcane and mangoes. In terms of nonrenewable energy resources, Sindh stands at first place. It has huge deposits of coal, petroleum and natural gas. The energy resources are used to run various manufacturing units in the country. Although, it’s not a large province, but its densely populated and has the largest city in the country, which plays a vital role not only in the economic growth of the province, but country as well.

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